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Experimental study of a porous electrospray thruster with different number of emitter-strips
不同发射条数多孔电喷雾推进器的实验研究
エミッタストリップの数が異なる多孔質エレクトロスプレースラスターの実験的研究
다양한 수의 이미터 스트립을 갖는 다공성 전자분무 추진기의 실험적 연구
Estudio experimental de un propulsor de electropulverización poroso con diferente número de tiras emisoras
Etude expérimentale d'un propulseur électrospray poreux avec un nombre différent de bandes émettrices
Экспериментальное исследование пористого электрораспылительного двигателя с различным количеством эмиттер-полосок
Hanwu Jia 贾翰武 ¹, Maolin Chen 陈茂林 ¹, Xuhui Liu 刘旭辉 ², Chong Chen 陈冲 ¹, Haohao Zhou 周浩浩 ³, Hao Zhao 赵豪 ¹, Zhicong Han 韩志聪 ¹
¹ Combustion, Internal Flow and Thermal-Structure Laboratory, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国 西安 西北工业大学燃烧热结构与内流场重点实验室
² Beijing institute of Control Engineering, Beijing 100190, People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国 北京 北京控制工程研究所
³ Aircraft Design Institute of AVIC, Xi'an 710089, People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国 西安 西安飞机设计研究所
Plasma Science and Technology, 27 August 2021
Abstract

The electrospray thruster is becoming popular in space propulsion due to its low power and high specific impulse. Before this work, an electrospray thruster based on a porous emitter was developed. In order to achieve larger and more stable thrust, the thruster was redesigned, and the influence of the space between strips on thrust was studied.

Four types of emitter were tested, and they had 1, 3, 4 and 14 emitter-strips on the emission surface of the same size respectively. According to the experimental results, the maximum extraction voltage and emission current of the four thrusters are different under stable operational conditions. The measured stable emission currents and extraction voltages were −500 μA/−5000 V, −1570 μA/−3800 V, −1200 μA/−3800 V, and −650 μA/−4500 V, respectively. Increasing the number of strips may not result in the emission current increasing, but changing the stable operational range of the emission current per strip and the extraction voltage. The maximum stable operational extraction voltages of 3 and 4 emitter-strips are lower than those of 1 and 14 emitter-strips, but the emission currents are higher than those of 1 and 14 emitter-strips.

Time-of-flight mass spectrometry was used to analyze the mass distribution and obtain the performance of the thruster in the case of thrusters with 1 and 3 emitter-strips. Both of their plumes were composed of very small ion cluster (the pure-ion regime), and their thrusts were 80.1 μN, 219.2 μN with specific impulses of 5774 s, 5047 s, respectively.
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