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Literature review: non-intubated (tubeless) VATS for lung volume reduction surgery
文献综述:用于肺减容手术的非插管(无管)VATS
文献レビュー:肺気量減少手術のための挿管されていない(チューブレス)VATS
문헌 검토: 폐용적 감소 수술을 위한 비삽관(튜브리스) VATS
Revisión de la literatura: VATS no intubados (sin cámara) para la cirugía de reducción del volumen pulmonar
Revue de la littérature : VATS non intubé (sans tube) pour la chirurgie de réduction du volume pulmonaire
Обзор литературы: неинтубированные (бесконтактные) VATS для операций по уменьшению объема легких
Yi Zhang 张毅, Xin Jin 金鑫
Thoracic Surgery Department, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
中国 北京 首都医科大学宣武医院胸外科
Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery, 15 September 2021
Objective

To describe the reproducible surgical and anesthesia techniques of lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) under non-intubation. In addition, the advantages of modified non-intubated unilateral LVRS are also introduced in this article.

Background

The perioperative complications and unsatisfied mortality of the typical LVRS under general anesthesia hinder the popularity of the surgery. In recent years, the concept of non-intubation has been introduced to LVRS. However, the reports and researches in this field are not so common.

Methods

We searched current literature related to LVRS and non-intubated LVRS of recent 20 years in PubMed and compared different resection ranges and methods of LVRS under non-intubation.

Conclusions

Our group reviewed the current papers in this field and found that the poor lung quality (and cardiac function in some cases) of the target patient is not the absolute contradiction to adopting the non-intubation anesthesia technique in LVRS. On the contrary, the non-intubated LVRS may be even safer and bring more benefits than the traditional operation method among selected patients. Furthermore, the modified non-intubated unilateral LVRS can reduce perioperative complications by comparing to the traditional bilateral LVRS. The LVRS on the opposite side is unnecessary if no significant progression is found by regular follow-up. In summary, the surgical team can make an attempt to non-intubation in LVRS after thorough evaluation.
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