A review on the forward osmosis applications and fouling control strategies for wastewater treatment
폐수 처리를 위한 정삼투압 응용 및 오염 제어 전략에 대한 검토
Una revisión de las aplicaciones de ósmosis directa y las estrategias de control de incrustaciones para el tratamiento de aguas residuales
Un examen des applications d'osmose directe et des stratégies de contrôle de l'encrassement pour le traitement des eaux usées
Обзор применения прямого осмоса и стратегий борьбы с загрязнением при очистке сточных вод
Linwei Zhu 朱林伟 ¹, Chun Ding 丁纯 ¹, Tengyang Zhu 朱腾阳 ¹, Yan Wang 王艳 ¹ ²
¹ Key Laboratory of Material Chemistry for Energy Conversion and Storage (Huazhong University of Science and Technology), Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430074, China
中国 武汉 华中科技大学 能量转换与存储材料化学教育部重点实验室
² Hubei Key Laboratory of Material Chemistry and Service Failure, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
中国 武汉 华中科技大学化学化工学院 材料化学与服役失效湖北省重点实验室
Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering, 15 May 2022

During the last decades, the utilization of osmotic pressure-driven forward osmosis technology for wastewater treatment has drawn great interest, due to its high separation efficiency, low membrane fouling propensity, high water recovery and relatively low energy consumption.

This review paper summarizes the implementation of forward osmosis technology for various wastewater treatment including municipal sewage, landfill leachate, oil/gas exploitation wastewater, textile wastewater, mine wastewater, and radioactive wastewater. However, membrane fouling is still a critical issue, which affects water flux stability, membrane life and operating cost. Different membrane fouling types and corresponding fouling mechanisms, including organic fouling, inorganic fouling, biofouling and combined fouling are therefore further discussed.

The fouling control strategies including feed pre-treatment, operation condition optimization, membrane selection and modification, membrane cleaning and tailoring the chemistry of draw solution are also reviewed comprehensively. At the end of paper, some recommendations are proposed.
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